VEGETARIAN DIET PLAN
Over the years, the vegetarian diet plans has become very popular. Increasingly and surprisingly, more people have chosen to go vegetarian for reasons ethical, environmental, or health-related. When performed rightly and well, such a diet is filled with various health benefits, some of which includes trimmer waistline and improved blood sugar level
Nevertheless, a diet which is entirely based on plant foods is likely to increase the risk of nutrient deficiencies in some cases.
This article is a very detailed beginner’s guide to the vegetarian diet. It aims to cut across everything needed to grasp the concept of the vegetarian diet.
Types of Vegetarian Diet Meal Plans (Printable and PDF)
What is Vegetarian Diet Plan?
Vegetarianism is defined as a way of life which strictly avoids the use of any animal product and services based on the exploitation of animals and cruelty, whether for food, clothing, or any other purpose. Therefore, the vegetarian diet excludes all animal products, including meat, eggs, and milk. There is the various rationale behind people’s choice of the vegetarian diet. These typically range from ethics to environmental concerns, but they can also come from a strong desire to improve health.
A vegetarian diet is devoid of all forms of animal exploitative services and products. Many persons choose to eat this way for ethical, environmental, or health reasons.
Different Types of Vegetarian Diets
The vegetarian diet is of different varieties. The commonest include:
- The whole-food vegetarian diet: this is a wide variety diet based on whole plant foods the likes of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds.
- The raw-food vegetarian diet: This vegetarian diet is based on raw fruits, nuts, vegetables, plant foods or seeds cooked at temperatures below 118°F (48°C)
- The 80/10/10: The 80/10/10 diet, otherwise known as the low-fat, raw-food vegetarian diet or fruitarian diet is a raw-food vegetarian diet that limits plants like nuts and avocados which are rich in fat and consumes mainly raw fruits and soft greens instead.
- The starch solution: this is low-fat, high-carb vegetarian diet similar to the 80/10/10 but emphasizes cooked starches the like potatoes, rice, and corn in place of fruits.
- The raw till 4: this is a low in the fat vegetarian diet which was inspired by the 80/10/10 as well as starch solution. I this diet, raw foods are consumed until 4 p.m., but with the option of a plant-based meal cooked for dinner.
- The thrive diet: The thrive vegetarian diet is a raw-food vegetarian diet. Here, you eat raw or minimally cooked plant-based, whole foods.
- Junk-food vegetarian diet: This vegetarian diet relies heavily on mock meats and cheeses, fries, vegetarian desserts, and other heavily processed vegetarian foods because it lacks in whole plant foods.
Despite the numerous variations of the vegetarian diet in existence, most scientific research rarely establishes the differentiates between different types of vegetarian diets that exist. In short, this article is linked to vegetarian diets as a whole.
Health Benefits of a Vegetarian Diet
Vegetarian Diet Can Help in Losing Weight
A significant difference between Vegetarians and non-vegetarians is that the formers have a lower body mass index (BMI) and tend to be thinner than the latter. This might shed more light on why an increasing number of people choose vegetarian diets as a way to lose excess weight.
The beneficial weight-related part vegetarians experience may be explained by such factors other than their diet. These factors may include healthier lifestyle choices, such as physical activity, and additional benefit filled health-related behaviors. However, numerous randomized checked studies, which control for these external factors, that is, factors other than their diet report that the diets of vegetarians are more effective for weight loss than the other diets they are compared to. Interestingly, even when diets based on whole foods are used as control diets. The weight loss advantage persists. These diets include those recommended by the American Dietetic Association (ADA), the American Heart Association (AHA) and the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP).
What’s more, researchers generally indicated that participants who are on vegetarian diets lose more weight than those into diets that restrict calories, even when they are allowed to eat to their fill. Naturally, the tendency to consume fewer calories on a vegetarian diet may be caused by a higher intake of fiber diets, which can very much make you feel fuller.
Vegetarian Diets improves Blood Sugar and Type 2 Diabetes
The vegetarian diet is beneficial in lots of ways, some of which include helping to keep your body’s blood sugar down and type 2 diabetes at bay. Series of salient studies show that vegetarians undoubtedly benefit from lower blood sugar levels, higher sensitivity insulin, and up to at a 78% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to non-vegetarian.
Vegetarian Diets improves Heart Health
A vegetarian diet may indeed help keep the heart healthy. Vegetarians have up to a lower risk of developing high blood pressure or dying from heart disease. Numerous reports that vegetarian diets are far more effective at reducing blood sugar, LDL, and total cholesterol than any other diets they are compared to.
Other Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets
Vegetarian diets have an array of additional health benefits, including benefits like:
- Lowers cancer risk
- Prevents arthritis
- Reduce the risk of reduced kidney function and malfunction.
- Reduce the risk of having Alzheimer’s disease.
Food to Avoid while on a Vegetarian Diet
Vegetarians avoid animal food, as well as foods containing ingredients derived from animals. These include meat and poultry, fish and seafood, dairy, eggs, bee products, and Animal-based ingredients.
Foods to Eat
Vegetarians who are health conscious use plant-based replacements for substitute animal products. These include
Tofu, tempeh and seitan, legumes, unblanched and unroasted varieties nuts, and nut butter, seeds like hemp, chia and flaxseeds, calcium-fortified plant milk and yogurts, algae, Nutritional yeast, whole grains, cereals and pseudocereals, sprouted and fermented plant foods, fruits, and vegetables
Risks and How to Minimize Them
Favoring a well-planned diet with limited processed foods and in their place nutrient-rich ones which are instead crucial for everyone, not only vegetarians. That stated, those following poorly and improperly planned vegetarian diets are particularly at risk of certain deficiencies nutrient.
Vegetarians have a higher risk of inadequate blood levels of vitamin B12, vitamin D, long-chain omega-3s, iodine, iron, calcium, and zinc. Not getting enough or needed the amount of these nutrients is worrisome for all, but it may be particularly risky for people increased requirements such as children and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Genetic makeup, as well as the individual gut bacteria composition, may also influence the body’s ability to derive the nutrients needed from a vegetarian diet.
A way to minimize deficiency is to limit the amount of processed vegetarian foods you eat and opt for nutrient-filled plant foods instead. Foods richly fortified, especially those enriched with calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B12, should also make a regular daily appearance on an individual plate.
Furthermore, vegetarians who intend to enhance their absorption of iron, as well as zinc, should try fermenting, sprouting, and cooking foods. Moreso, the use of iron cast pots and pans for cooking, avoiding tea or coffee with meals and can further boost iron absorption combining iron-rich foods with a source of vitamin C. Also, the addition of seaweed or iodized salt to the diet also helps vegetarians reach their recommended daily intake of iodine.
One Week Vegetarian Sample Menu
To help get started, here’s a simple blueprint covering a week’s worth of vegetarian meals:
Breakfast: Vegetarian breakfast consists of a sandwich with tofu, lettuce, tomato, turmeric, and a plant-milk chai latte.
Lunch: lunch is Spiralized zucchini, quinoa salad, and peanut dressing.
Dinner: Red lentil, wild rice, and spinach dal.
Breakfast: Overnight oats made with fruit, nuts, fortified plant milk as well as chia seeds.
Lunch: a Seitan sauerkraut sandwich.
Dinner: Pasta, a side salad together with one lentil bolognese sauce.
Breakfast: Mango with spinach smoothie made with milk from fortified plants and a flaxseed-banana-walnuts normal muffin.
Lunch: Baked tofu sandwich and one side of tomato salad.
Dinner: Vegetarian chili together with amaranth plant
Breakfast: Banana, whole-grain toast, hazelnut butter as well as a well-fortified plant yogurt.
Lunch: Tofu noodle stew together with green vegetables.
Dinner: Jacket, sweet potatoes, lettuce, corn, cashews, beans, and guacamole.
Breakfast: Vegetarian chickpea, onion omelet, and a fortified plant milk cappuccino.
Lunch: Vegetarian tacos and mango-pineapple salsa.
Dinner: Broccoli and tempeh stir-fry with bok choy.
Breakfast: scrambled tofu wrap, spinach, and a glass of fortified plant milk.
Lunch: Spiced red lentil, whole-grain toast, tomato, and kale soup and hummus.
Dinner: Veggie sushi rolls, edamame, miso soup, and wakame salad.
Breakfast: Chickpea pancakes, salsa, guacamole, and a glass of fortified orange juice.
Lunch: a side of sautéed mustard greens and tofu vegetarian quiche.
Dinner: Vegetarian spring rolls.
Also, try to vary your protein sources and vegetables throughout the day, as each provides varying vitamins and minerals that are paramount for your health.
Healthy Vegetarian Snacks
Snacks are a very great way to remain energized and to keep hunger at bay at intervals between meals.
Some of the interesting and portable vegetarian options include:
A plant-milk latte or cappuccino
Cereal with plant milk
Dried seaweed snacks
Fresh fruit and a dollop of nut butter
Hummus and vegetables
Nut and fruit bars
Nutritional yeast sprinkled on popcorn
Whole-grain crackers and cashew nut spread
Whole-wheat pita with salsa and guacamole
Whenever planning or preparing a vegetarian snack, try to choosing fiber and protein-rich options, which can help keep hunger away.
Frequently Asked Questions about Vegetarian Diet (FAQ)
Here are some very salient frequently asked questions about vegetarianism.
1. Can I only consume raw food alone as a vegetarian?
Absolutely not. Raw vegetarianism isn’t for all, although some vegetarians choose to be raw vegetarians. Many vegetarians prefer to consume cooked foods, and there are no scientific premises for you to consume raw foods alone.
2. Will taking up a vegetarian diet help me to shed more weight?
A vegetarians diet that emphasizes very nutritious, whole plant foods and restricts refined ones may help losing weight.
As stated in the weight loss section above, vegetarian diets tend to help people consume fewer calories without the need to consciously restrict their food intake.
In fact, when compared for calories, diets for vegetarians are no more effective than other diets for weight loss.
3. What is the best milk substitute in the vegetarian diet?
There are several milk plant substitutes for cow’s milk. Soybean and hemp varieties are filled with more protein, making them really beneficial to those trying to maintain high protein intake.
Whichever plant milk you opt for, ensure it is enriched with vitamin D, calcium, and vitamin B12 if possible.
4. Vegetarians usually eat much soy. Is that bad for you?
Soybeans are excellent sources of protein-based in the plant. They contain a series of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and inherently beneficial plant compounds that are connected to various health benefits.
However, soy is likely to suppress thyroid function in predisposed individuals and result in gas and diarrhea in others. It’s best to choose the minimally processed soy food products, the likes of tofu and edamame and restrict the use of soy-based mock meats. Fermented soy products like tempeh and natto are especially beneficial, as their fermentation helps improve nutrients absorption.
5. How can I replace eggs in recipes?
Chia and flax seeds are an excellent substitute for eggs in the baking process. To replace one egg, mix three tablespoons of hot water with a tablespoon of chia or ground flaxseeds and allow it to rest until it gels. Mashed bananas can also serve as an excellent replacement for eggs in some cases. The substitute for scrambled eggs in the vegetarian diet is the scrambled tofu. Tofu can also be used in several other egg-based recipes from omelets to quiches and frittatas.
6. How can I get enough protein?
Vegetarians can make sure they meet their daily protein target requirements by adding protein-rich plant foods in their regular meals.
7. How can I get enough calcium?
Food plants rich in calcium include bok choy, kale, mustard greens, turnip greens, watercress, broccoli, chickpeas, and calcium-set tofu. Plant milk and beverages which are fortified are also a really great way for vegetarians to maximize their calcium intake. Calcium RDA is 1,000 mg daily for many adults and raises to 1,200 mg daily for adults above 50 years of age. Vegetarians eating less than 525 mg of calcium daily have an increased risk of bone fractures. As a result of this, vegetarians should set a target to consume 525 mg of calcium each day at the very least.
8. Should I take a vitamin B12 supplement?
Vitamin B12 is generally located in animal foods. Plant foods may also contain a form of this vitamin, but there is still contention as to whether this form is active in human beings. Despite circulating rumors, there is always an absence of scientific evidence to support unwashed produce as a reliable source of vitamin B12. The daily recommended intake of Vitamin B12 is 2.4 mcg for adults, 2.6 mcg daily during pregnancy, and 2.8 mcg every day while breastfeeding. The products, coupled with the supplement of vitamin B12, are the only two very reliable types of vitamin B12 for vegetarians. Unfortunately, many vegetarians seem to fail to eat sufficient and necessary vitamin B12 products to meet their daily requirements. Peradventure, you are not able to fulfill your daily requirements through vitamin B12-fortified products; you should definitely try taking a vitamin B12 supplement.
People choose vegetarianism for reasons like ethical, environmental, or health. When done rightly and adequately, the vegetarian diet can be easy to follow and may provide several benefits for individual health. As with any other diet, these essential benefits only appear if you are diligently consistent and establish your diet around nutrient-rich plant foods rather than the very heavily processed ones. Vegetarians, most notably those unable to meet their daily nutrient requirements through diet alone, should consider taking supplements.
Printable Vegetarian Diet Plan (PDF)
|Days||Breakfast||Lunch||Snack||Dinner||Total Calories per day|
|Sunday||Protein smoothie plus protein pancakes Calories: 210||Green salad with spiced chick pea nuts Calories: 362||Black bean soup Calories: 130||Bean and veggie tacos Calories: 184||886|
|Monday||Protein smoothie with egg Calories: 247||Bean burritos Calories: 456||Apple with one table spoon peanut butter Calories: 300||Salad and pizza Calories: 230||1233|
|Tuesday||Protein smoothie with tofu scramble Calories: 177||Tomato cheddar cheese toast Calories: 386||Home made trail mix Calories: 160||Vegetarian chili Calories: 190||913|
|Wednesday||Protein smoothie with oat meal Calories: 293||Garden Omelet Calories: 352||Greek yogurt light Calories: 100||Pita pizzas with balsamic Calories: 140||885|
|Thursday||Protein smoothie with Greek yogurt parfait Calories: 334||Veggie burger and quinoa chick pea salad Calories: 190||Dark Chocolate trail mix Calories: 313||Baked Asian tofu Calories: 90||927|
|Friday||Protein smoothie with avocado toast Calories: 186||Baked potato topped with vegetarian chill Calories: 150||1 cheese stick with an orange Calories: 147||Veggie burger Calories: 320||803|
|Saturday||Protein smoothie with Craig Mc Muffin Calories: 190||Veggie Power salad Calories: 154||Greek yogurt with one sun flower seed Calories: 110||Portabella pizzas and soup Calories: 100||554|