Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan (Printable) – Overview
Without treatment, diabetes may lead to several potentially life-threatening consequences, including nerve and kidney damage, high cholesterol levels, and even cardiac problems, among others.
In addition to taking medication, the only other method of maintaining healthy blood sugar levels is following a well-balanced, nutritious diet created explicitly for diabetes.
What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes develops over time, and the leading cause is difficulties in delivering adequate sugar (glucose) to the body cells.
For muscle and brain cells to function correctly, they must get glucose transported via insulin.
Increased blood sugar levels occur when insulin levels are low, and the sugar cannot get to the cells as it should.
The cells acquire insulin resistance (abnormal insulin resistance) over time, necessitating ever-increasing amounts of insulin to transport sugar into the cells. However, there is still a significant amount of sugar in the blood.
It is possible that the pancreas may ultimately “wear out,” and can no longer generate enough insulin to transfer the glucose into the body cells for energy production.
An effective type 2 diabetes diet plan helps you maintain healthy body weight while keeping your blood sugar levels within the target range.
Still, it also helps lower your risk for health complications like nerve damage, cardiovascular disease, and kidney disease, among others.
Continue reading to find a little more about how various foods and dietary habits might influence your health and your ability to control type 2 diabetes effectively.
Foods To Eat With Type 2 Diabetes
There are numerous dietary habits and regimens you can adopt to meet your health requirements.
If you have type 2 diabetes, ensure you choose a diet high in nutrient-rich foods that assist in supplying the body with the fiber, vitamins, and minerals that it requires.
To keep your heart strong, it is also essential to consume a range of heart-healthy fats, such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Moreover, consuming foods rich in fiber helps improve blood sugar regulation and makes you feel satiated for extended periods, which can help you avoid binging on foods in between meals.
In addition, your diet should be both realistic and simple to follow. Below are a few type 2 diet foods you can eat without restrictions.
Vegetables (two and a half to three cups a day)
Fruits (one and a half to 2 cups a day)
Whole Grains, Cereals, and Pseudocereals (85 to 115 grams a day)
- Brown rice
Protein-Rich Foods (140 to 184 grams a day)
- Lean cuts of beef
- Skinless poultry
- Fish and seafood
Nuts and Seeds (a handful of nuts or seeds a day)
- Macadamia nuts
- Cashew nuts
- Pumpkin seeds
- Chia seeds
- Hemp seeds
- Flax seeds
Healthy Fats and Oils (do not exceed seven spoons or 35 milliliters a day)
- Canola oil
- Olive oil
- Sesame oil
- Vegetable juice
- Black coffee
- Unsweetened tea
Foods To Avoid With Type 2 Diabetes
Preventing diabetes-related health issues is possible by restricting the intake of foods rich in saturated fat, trans fat, and added sugars. Patients with Type 2 diabetes should avoid or restrict the following foods:
- Baked goods
- Full-fat dairy
- Processed carbohydrates
- High-fat meat
- Highly processed foods
- Sugar-sweetened beverages
- Artificial sweeteners
- Sweets and candies
- High fructose corn syrup
- Trans fats
Which Are The Best Diets Plans For Type 2 Diabetes?
People with diabetes try different diets to manage their blood sugar levels while maintaining good health. However, no one diet fits all for type 2 diabetes, which explains the varieties available.
Some people want to manage their type 2 diabetes as they lose weight, others want a diet that will address their diabetes and maintain a healthy heart, while some want diets that will manage their diabetes and help keep their blood pressure at standard rates time.
The following is a list of diets that provide a wide range of nutrients.
1. DASH Diet
The DASH diet for type 2 diabetes may benefit people with diabetes. DASH diet, which stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, is a nutrient-dense and practical dietary pattern created for people with high blood pressure.
The DASH diet encourages the consumption of plant-based foods such as fruits and vegetables, dried legumes, whole grains, nuts and seeds, fish, poultry, and low-fat dairy products.
DASH diet restricts the consumption of red meat, sugary meals, and food rich in saturated fat, high sodium foods, processed foods, and foods with added sugar.
In addition to helping lower blood pressure, the DASH diet helps with insulin resistance and weight loss making it an excellent choice for type 2 diabetes patients.
2. KETO Diet
The ketogenic diet is a low-carbohydrate regimen that promotes the consumption of high-protein and high-fat foods such as meats, poultry, fish, eggs, cheese, nuts, and seeds, among others.
Non-starchy veggies such as cauliflower, broccoli, sauerkraut, spinach, kale, and other leafy greens, also make the diet plan.
The KETO diet for diabetics restricts foods heavy in carbs, such as grains, dry beans and lentils, root vegetables, fruits, and sweets, among other things.
Ketogenic diets are typically low in carbs, with just 20 to 50 grams of carbohydrates in a daily diet.
Low-carbohydrate diets may assist persons with type 2 diabetes in effectively regulating their blood sugar levels while also lowering their triglyceride and HDL (good) cholesterol levels.
On the other hand, the keto diet may have a high concentration of saturated fats depending on the protein-dense foods you consume.
Getting enough fiber from the limited food choices in a keto diet is challenging. However, you can avoid this by consuming a variety of low-carb meals high in fiber, such as leafy greens, nuts, and seeds.
3. Mediterranean Diet
Dietary factors of the Mediterranean diet include a diverse range of plant-based foods such as fruits, veggies, dried legumes, whole grain products, nuts, seeds, and olive oil, among others.
In addition, the diet restricts red meat but supports a small portion intake of fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy products.
Healthy fats and fiber are essential components of the Mediterranean diet. The diet restricts the consumption of saturated fats and sugars because of their high cholesterol levels.
Individuals with type 2 diabetes that adopt a Mediterranean diet exhibit lower blood sugar levels than those that follow a standard American diet.
Long-term adherents of the Mediterranean diet have a 20%–23% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes and a 28%–30% lower risk of heart disease.
The Mediterranean diet also helps with weight loss, lower cholesterol, and lower blood pressure levels.
4. Vegetarian Diet
Vegetarian diets do not include any products, including meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy. Instead, the diet places a strong emphasis on plant-based protein sources.
The vegetarian diet also includes a wide range of fruits and vegetables. The consumption of more plant-based meals and fewer animal products may help lower the risk of insulin resistance, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes.
Research findings also show that a vegan diet for diabetics provides better blood sugar control in the long term by fasting blood sugar levels.
Although it is feasible to maintain a vegetarian or vegan diet while fulfilling your nutritional requirements with type 2 diabetes, not all vegetarian and vegan diets are the same.
For best health, consume a broad range of meals ensuring that you get the critical nutrients you require.
5. Paleo Diet
Paleolithic diets are gaining popularity with many people all over the world.
The diet, which provides modest protein quantity, bases its principles on the fact that our genetic makeup is not fully developed to keep up with our current lifestyle of high-calorie convenience foods and little physical exercise.
The diet emphasizes reverting to a hunter-gatherer diet that would better suit our physiology. People with type 2 diabetes seem to benefit from a paleo diet.
You can consume fruits, veggies, nuts, and fish in the paleo diet. The diet discourages dairy products, refined fats, all grains, alcohol, foods with added sugar or salt, candy, beans, lentils, and soft drinks.
Calorie Counting Diets For People With Type 2 Diabetes
Calorie counting is one method you may use to control your blood sugar levels. A calorie-counting diet involves adding up the total calories you consume in a day with the purpose of not exceeding your limit.
A daily calorie intake of 1,500 to 1,800 calories is advisable for patients with type 2 diabetes to encourage weight reduction and, after that, the retention of an appropriate body mass.
However, this could differ according to age, gender, exercise level, optimal weight, and body type.
Calorie counting diets are highly restrictive diets that you need to take with assistance from your doctor, nutritionist, or dietician.
If you have type 2 diabetes and try to cut down weight simultaneously, you should avoid high carb foods and maintain your calorie intake to what your body needs for optimal health.
6. 800 Calorie Diet
If you go on a deficient calorie diet, ensure that a professional monitors it to ensure optimal health. An 800 calorie type 2 diabetes diet plan entails consuming no more than 800 calories per day.
A more restrictive variation of the 5:2 diet may help decrease blood sugar levels and even reverse type 2 diabetes.
You should consume less processed foods and more home-cooked meals throughout this portion of the diet, including plenty of vegetables and fruit, whole grains, beans, and lentils (for added fiber), nuts (in large quantities), full-fat dairy products, and oily fish (in small amounts)
The 800 calorie type 2 diabetes diet is most suitable for obese and severely overweight patients controlling diabetes, planning for surgery, or preparing for fertility therapy, among other situations.
It is not ideal for underweight persons or anyone with an eating disorder. The diet is also not suitable for people with type 1 diabetes, cardiac ailment, or recuperating from surgery.
Individuals engaged in endurance training should also avoid the 800 calorie limit.
7. 1400 Calorie Diet
Another restrictive diet recommended for type 2 diabetic patients who want to lose weight is the 1400 Calorie Meal Plan for Type 2 Diabetes.
The diet falls short of the recommended regular calories an individual should take in a day, which is why it is advisable to follow up under the supervision of a physician or dietician.
Besides the above two calorie counting type 2 diabetes diet plans, you can choose from a wide selection of several others, such as 1500, 1600, and 2000 Calorie Diet Plans.
Simple 7-Day Diet Plan For Type 2 Diabetes
Nutritional-rich meals and portion control are essential for every diet or eating pattern for type 2 diabetes.
Try to restrict your intake of foods heavy in saturated fats, trans fats, high sodium foods, and added sugars.
Additionally, if you choose a calorie-restricted diet that will help you lose weight, your physician or dietitian may assist you in devising a long-term meal planning strategy.
Ensure that every diet you follow suits your specific health requirements and daily routine.
|Day||Breakfast||Lunch||Dinner||Snacks (to take in between meals)|
|1||Banana-carrot and Pecan Muffins||Veggie and chicken pasta salad||Apple mustard pork chops with a side salad||Chocolate Chia Pudding|
|2||Oatmeal with strawberries and almonds||Black bean quinoa burger with roasted veggies||Beef broccoli with zucchini noodles||Egg and Veggie Muffins|
|3||Egg and avocado toast with veggie salad||Turkey cranberry wraps||Salmon with mango peach salsa, roasted cauliflower, and cilantro lime quinoa||Hummus with celery and broccoli florets|
|4||Oatmeal pecan pancakes with turkey sausages and blueberry sauce||Crab cake with watermelon arugula and feta salad||Grilled Turkey burgers with oven roasted sweet potatoes||Tuna-Stuffed Avocado Half|
|5||Cream-cheese stuffed French toast with scrambled egg whites||Chicken Caesar salad wrap with crispy baked broccoli||Sheet pan roasted turkey and veggies||Cottage Cheese Snack Parfait|
|6||Smoothie breakfast bowl||Broccoli cheddar soup with BBQ chicken sliders||Cilantro line tilapia with tomatoes and spinach||Peanut Butter Apple Rings|
|7||Apple pie oatmeal with Greek yogurt||Chopped Mexican salad with pineapple mint water||Low carb veggie fried rice bowl with watermelon mint slushie||Nuts and Seeds Trail Mix|
Damla Sengul, a seasoned Food Editor at Dietsmealplan.com, boasts a 5-year worth of expertise as a digital editor, with a specific focus on authentic recipe content. Her expertise extends to various crucial aspects of the cookery world, including in-depth research on renowned chefs worldwide and innovative recipe development. Additionally, Damla is an enthusiastic baker who dedicates part of her time crafting delightful celebration cakes for her friends.