Keto on kidneys
Diet types that target ketones (Keto Diet and Dukan Diet) are focused heavily on consumption of fat and protein may have negative impacts on kidneys when followed too long.
Dr. Pierre Dukan is the creator of Dukan Diet and its focus is to eat foods high in protein, low in carbohydrates and fat. A person can eat as much as they like by just preparing a meal that is high in good protein such as chicken breast, fish, lean meat with no fat, and vegetables of all types. Vegan diet is closely related with Dukan Diet because it is focused on vegetables, rice, grains, fruits, and is low in refined or processed carbohydrates and bad fat. There are several allowed foods in the Dukan Diet with 100 foods in total that includes 68 pure protein and 32 vegetables. According to Dr. Pierre Dukan, these foods are beneficial to the body and is high in protein, low in carbohydrates and fats. In this article, foods that are allowed will be itemized according to food group, please refer to the Chart A showing the food groups allowed in Dukan Diet.
Table I shows the percentage distribution of food groups in Dukan Diet, there is no room for refined food items such as processed biscuits, cakes, and snacks. High fatty food items, examples are fast food chain meals, are also excluded from the diet and will not be tolerated for each consumer.
There are 4 phases of the Dukan Diet, these are the following: Attack Phase, Cruise Phase, Consolidation Phase, and Stabilization Phase. In each phase of the Dukan Diet, there are food items allowed and categorized in each food groups. It is important to make a summary chart of the food items allowed on Dukan Diet, to avoid confusion for consumers on what to eat, and to educate the people about the importance of having a medical check up before divulging on Dukan Diet. Everyone are encouraged to get their Physician’s approval or an advice from a Registered Nutritionist or Registered Dietitian before starting on Dukan Diet.
|Type of Food||Foods Allowed|
|Lean Meat||Beef Tenderloin, Filet Mignon – Buffalo – Extra -Lean Ham- Extra-Lean Kosher Beef Hot Dogs – Lean Center-cut Pork Chops – Lean slices of roast beef – Pork Tenderloin, Pork Loin Roast – Reduced – Fat Bacon, Soy Bacon – Steak: Flank, Sirloin, London Broil – Veal Chops – Veal Scaloppini – Venison.|
|Poultry||Chicken – Chicken Liver – Cornish Hen – Fat-free Turkey and Chicken Sausages – Low Fat Deli Slices of Chicken or Turkey – Ostrich Steak – Quail – Turkey – Wild Duck.|
|Fish||Arctic Char – Catfish – Cod – Flounder – Grouper – Haddock – Halibut and Smoked Halibut – Herring – Mackerel – Mahi Mahi – Monkfish – Orange Roughy – Perch – Red Snapper – Salmon or Smoked Salmon – Sardines, Fresh or canned in water – Sea bass – Shark – Sole – Surimi – Swordfish – Tilapia – Trout – Tuna, Fresh or canned in water.|
|Shellfish||Clams – Crab – Crawfish, Crayfish – Lobster – Mussels – Octopus – Oysters – Scallops – Shrimp – Squid.|
|Vegetarian Proteins||Seitan – Soy Food and Veggie Burgers – Tempeh – Tofu.|
|Fat- Free Dairy Products||Fat-Free cottage cheese, fat- free cream cheese, fat-free milk, fat-free plain Greek style yogurt, fat-free ricotta, fat-free sour cream.|
|Eggs||Chicken – Quail – Duck|
Table II. Shows the summary of food items categorized on each designated food groups. It shows the list of foods allowed on Attack Phase, to educate consumers on what foods to eat while starting Dukan Diet under Attack Phase.
The first phase of Dukan Diet is the Attack Phase, in this stage the consumer will start adjusting to the new style of diet, it will incorporate Pure Protein and needs to have a big impact on changing the eating habits. Attack Phase triggers the body to burn fat from excess body weight, high protein diet initiates burning of body fat as a source of energy. Attack phase encourages weight loss at fast phase since Attack Phase usually last 2 to 5 days. High protein initiates satiety level so the consumer of Dukan Diet at first phase will easily feel full after eating the meal plan. In this phase, it is highly encouraged to drink 6 to 8 cups of water a day to prevent extra burden to the kidneys while excreting the urine, people who follow a strict high protein diet produces ketones from the body as a source of energy. Ketones are produced as a product from body fat, when the body doesn’t have enough supply of carbohydrates, the energy source will be coming from body fat, it is converted to ketones and will be used as body fuel and energy. Oat bran is allowed every morning to provide fiber and cleanse the gut against excess calories and toxins that people mostly get from polluted and toxic environment.
|Vegetables||Artichoke – Asparagus – Bean Sprouts – Beet – Broccoli – Brussels Sprouts – Cabbage – Carrot – Cauliflower – Celery – Cucumber – Eggplant – Endive – Fennel – Green Beans – Kale – Lettuce – Arugula – Radicchio – Mushrooms – Okra – Onions – Leeks – Shallots – Palm Hearts – Peppers – Pumpkin – Radishes – Rhubarb – Spaghetti Squash – Squash – Spinach – Tomato – Turnip – Watercress – Zucchini.|
Table III shows food items added as the phase progresses from Attach to Cruise. Cruise phase is the second stage in Dukan Diet, it allows introduction of vegetables in the diet to provide wide range of nutrients to the body while maintaining weight. Cruise phase follows 100 food items allowed and can help consumers to create recipes and different kinds of dishes to make the diet more pleasing to everyone
The third phase of Dukan Diet is Consolidation Phase, introduction of starchy foods is allowed while maintaining the target weight at its desired number. It is followed for 5 days and gives insight to the consumer if they will maintain the desired weight for a long time.
The last phase of Dukan Diet is Stabilization Phase, in this stage, the true weight is to be stabilized for the rest of your life. There are three simple steps to follow in Stabilization Phase, these are as follows: a.) Consume 3 Tablespoons of oat bran per day, b.) Choose to take the stairs whenever possible, c.) Have a Pure Protein Thursday, i.e. Attack Phase Menu every Thursday. There are no forbidden foods on this stage, the challenge is to maintain the desired weight for a longer time by simply applying these 3 simple steps in Dukan Diet Stabilization Phase. Exercise needs to be incorporated all through out the 4 phases of Dukan Diet and a professional assistance from fitness instructor is highly encouraged to avoid accidents and injury.
Incorporating Vegan Diet practices in Dukan is critical, but to make sure that the essential goal is highly achieved everyday to avoid “Weight Rebound” or returning the heaviest weight than your previous weight. Vegan diet is purely vegetables with less protein from good sources such as beans and tofu, incorporating the allowed protein from good sources such as chicken and fish, will complement the nutrients that lacks in plant-based diet only.