Foods that are Bad for Gallbladder – Overview
Bile is a fluid produced by the liver. It participates in the breakdown of fats in our digestive system. Bile accumulates in the gallbladder.
The most common diseases of this organ are cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) and gallstones.
They are interconnected, provided that gallstones are almost always the cause of gallbladder inflammation.
Factors that may increase your risk of gallstones fall into one of two categories: non-modifiable or modifiable.
According to the Mayo Clinic, non-modifiable factors include female sex, age > 40, diabetes, native American, Hispanic or Mexican, and family history of gallstones.
Among modifiable risk factors are pregnancy, being overweight, losing weight fast, a sedentary lifestyle, a diet rich in cholesterol and fat, low-fiber diet.
By reducing the modifiable risk factors, you can avoid the formation of gallstones and the associated health hazards.
As you can see, most of these risk factors are directly connected to our nutrition. We have already made the list of gallbladder-healthy foods.
Now let’s discuss products that people with gallbladder problems should avoid.
1. High-fat Dairy Products
The main function of the biliary system is to break down fats. This system is defective in people with gallbladder problems, so adding much work to this organ in dietary fat is not a good idea.
Products like cheese, sour cream, yogurt, cottage cheese, and homogenized milk contain high amounts of fats.
So if you like to snack on these foods, you must give it up or, at least, find some low-fat options.
This dairy product deserves to be mentioned separately. You might not buy it in grocery stores but you will still consume butter in almost all baked goods, biscuits, cakes, mayonnaise, salad dressings, burgers, and other fried foods.
It is more than 80% fat. So you should also avoid the above-listed food prepared in restaurants or bakeries. Instead, you can prepare them at home using low-fat butter.
3. Fatty Meats
If you are trying to keep your gallbladder healthy, you should restrict the intake of processed meats like hot dogs and burgers.
Ham, pork rinds, bacon, and certain cuts of pork (ribs and shoulder), beef (ribs) and chicken (skin and thighs) are not recommended either.
You are safe to eat lean and very lean meat, including chicken and turkey breast, lean pork, veal, duck and goose.
They contain up to 3 grams of fat per serving. But fatty meats listed above contain ten times that amount, so they are not part of a healthy gallbladder diet.
4. White Flour
Avoiding refined white flour foods such as white bread, pasta or rice can protect your gallbladder.
Whole-grain versions of these products are much safer and richer in precious nutrients like fiber. So consider eating more whole-wheat bread, brown rice and oats.
5. Fried Food
Some of our favorite fried foods regarding gallbladder health fall into the restricted list.
French fries, onion rings, fried chicken, steak, donuts and other deep-fried foods have negative effects on our gallbladder and often aggravate symptoms of gallstones and cause abdominal discomfort.
6. Fish Products Rich in Oil
In general, fish contain healthy fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are crucial for our cardiovascular system and not only.
Moderate amounts of fresh fish like salmon and tuna are safe options. But you should avoid fried and canned fish since most of them are packed in oil.
7. Carbonated Beverages
According to studies, easily absorbed sugar in sodas contributes to gallbladder diseases, including gallstones.
Furthermore, consuming beverages rich in sugar raises glucose concentration in our blood and is associated with weight gain and type 2 diabetes.
They all contribute to the development of biliary tract cancer, including gallbladder cancer.
According to a 2016 study, “women and men in the highest category of combined sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverage consumption had a statistically significantly increased risk of extrahepatic BTC and gallbladder cancer.”
8. Desserts high in sugar
Beloved desserts like cheesecakes, ice cream, pudding, etc., are rich fat sources. So, unfortunately, people with a sweet tooth, are out of the gallbladder-friendly food list.
Instead, you can substitute them with fruits, low-fat plain Greek yogurt and other low-fat, low-carb sweets.
The gallbladder is not an essential organ like the liver and kidneys. It can be removed without pretty much any serious long-term consequences and this will not have any impact on your life expectancy.
However, dietary changes required to keep the biliary system safe will also benefit other parts of your body.
So whether or not you have gallbladder problems, limiting your intake or finding some healthy alternatives to the food listed above is a great idea.
Gvantsa Qvariani is a medical doctor, DTMU graduate, an American MD program based in Georgia. Gvantsa has spent the last 6 years studying and practicing medicine in Georgia and other parts of Europe. She is active in medical researches, scientific conferences, various medical projects and so on. She is specialized in writing medical content based on newest studies from most reliable sources.