Keto Diet on Kidney Stone (Uric Acid)
A Keto diet on kidney stones is a rare occurrence, as these stones mainly occur due to the accumulation of calcium, oxalate, and uric acid.
However, for those starting their journey towards a Keto diet, there is still a lot of ground to cover. Let us first understand the basics of Keto and kidney stones relation.
Kidney stones have multiple causes, which often include genetic factors, dehydration, and low dietary magnesium.
The serum uric acid increases during the early stages of the Ketogenic diet, but it happens due to a decrease in excretion and more production.
Keto Diet on Kidney Stone – The Basics
At its base, the Keto diet consists of eating more fat and stopping the consumption of carbs.
The Ketogenic diet is an active high fat and low sugar weight loss strategy, which gets the body to activate its starvation mode.
In other words, your body relies more on fat in place of sugar and carbohydrates.
On the one hand, the Keto diet is useful for the treatment of epileptic seizures, and blood glucose levels for type 2 diabetes patients, there is still research needed about how Keto links to someone having kidney stones.
The Probable Reason for Kidney Stones in Keto Diet Followers
In case, you are on a Keto diet and not careful, then the body will become dehydrated, and accumulate massive amounts of protein and uric acid to dangerous levels.
The presence of higher amounts of uric acid in the body leads to the formation of needle-like urate crystals in the joints and causes discomfort.
Although there is still a lot of research to do for the link between the keto diet on kidney stones, some medical cases seem to be tilting towards the affirmative.
However, as of now, the top cause of kidney stones still points towards the massive consumption of meat products without adequate hydration to back it up.
Keto Diet on Kidney Stone – How the Latter Forms
An essential function of the kidneys is to rid the body of waste and fluid from the blood to produce urine.
In case you have too much waste and not enough fluid, the waste will accumulate and lead to the formation of kidney stones.
The kidney disease has its origins from different sources, including:
- Firstly, calcium stones are a common type of kidney stone, and these include calcium oxalate stones. The excess of salt in your diet is a significant risk factor for the formation of calcium stones, as the kidneys have to work hard to remove the excess sodium. It clearly states that calcium remains stuck to the kidneys.
- Uric acid is a waste, which your kidneys function to eliminate from the body. In case the urine is acidic owing to diet or lifestyle choices, it becomes hard to dissolve the uric acid crystals. You need to avoid food having animal protein, including beef, liver, chicken, eggs, and pork. It is a significant risk factor, which affects kidney health.
- Another common type of kidney stone includes Cystine kidney stones. It causes amino acids Cysteine containing sulfur to leak into your urine. Moreover, the excess buildup of Cystine in the urine can lead to the formation of Cystine stones.
- Lastly, Struvite kidney stones related to Chronic Urinary Tract Infection (UTIs) occur due to the urine being too alkaline. However, these are the least common forms of kidney stones.
Keto Diet on Kidney Stone – Does Keto Diet Cause Kidney Stones?
Many sources claim that a Ketogenic diet can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
The reason given is the high protein content of this diet, which leads to this issue. On the contrary, the Keto diet is only high in fat, and never protein.
Recent research made it clear that the intake of protein does not lead to kidney function issues. It might be a possibility that some unknown factor in the diet is responsible for kidney stone formation.
Keep in mind that hydration is important. You will lose some Ketones in the urine when on a Keto diet.
Do not worry, as it is a natural process, which makes the body get used to functioning on Ketones for energy. When you lose Ketones, there would also be a loss of minerals along with them, especially sodium.
The Ketones have a negative charge and need extraction with a positive compound, AKA cation.
With this, you might have increased levels of sodium running through the kidneys for some time.
For the majority of people, it is not an issue. Just make sure that hydration and electrolyte balance is always equal while moving towards the Keto diet.
Other Elements in the Keto and Kidney Stone Link
Other factors, which are a part of this link to the effects of the Keto diet on kidney stones, include blood sugar levels.
It is a harsh reality for those with metabolic syndrome or diabetes.
As the Keto diet is a low-carbohydrate diet, it will also balance the blood sugar levels, which will prevent the formation of kidney stones.
However, if you are someone at risk of kidney stones, then make sure to watch out for the nutrient intake.